Sage in the Bible: Should Christians Practice Smudging?

There is no specific mention of burning sage in the Bible; is this practice acceptable for Christians? Is it even biblical?

In the Bible, God instructed Moses to use herbs and spices as an offering at the Tabernacle. Only some churches practice it, but some people burn sage for various benefits. Burning sage dates back to ancient times and is still practiced by some today. 

Information is so accessible nowadays that it piques the interest and curiosity of anyone hungry to learn something new. And with more and more people intrigued with the alleged benefits of burning sage, we Christians can also be curious. So before we consider burning sage for its benefits, let us first look at the origin of this practice and whether it is necessary for our spiritual journey.

What is Sage in the Bible?

Sage in the Bible

What is Sage?

According to Britannica, sage is an aromatic herb from the mint family. It has rough oval leaves that are usually downy. Its color ranges from gray-green to whitish-green. This herb is native to the Mediterranean region and is useful both dried and fresh as a flavoring for poultry and pork. Species under the genus Salvia are also known as “sage.” 

What is Sage used for?

In medieval Europe, brewed tea from sage leaves due to its slightly stimulating properties. Some believe sage helps strengthen memory and promote wisdom. Sage is commonly used for digestive problems such as stomach aches, loss of appetite, diarrhea, bloating, and heartburn. 

History and Origin of Burning Sage

On record, the Native Americans were the first to use white sage for ceremonies and rituals. White sage was used to ask the spirits to rid a person or a place of unwanted energies instead of replacing them with prosperity, protection, or blessings. It’s why white sage was referred to as “Sacred Sage” by many cultures.

Many native cultures believe that plants have a soul and a spirit. Thus, burning sage was used to communicate with the spiritual realm. When performing smudging, native cultures use a fireproof bowl such as an abalone shell. Aside from its fire-resistant properties, the abalone shell creates a synergistic loop with the sage. 

The abalone shell represents water; the unlit sage represents the earth; the smoke from the lit sage represents air, and the burning sage, represents fire. It is believed that when all four natural elements are connected, you invite harmony and balance into your space and spirit. Thus, the smoke from the burning sage rids the negative energy.

What is the purpose of burning sage?

Burning sage or smudging is part of a purification process that involves slow-burning bundled-up sage, cedar, or lavender. It is done for numerous reasons, such as meditation, a home blessing or space, or healing. Each plan has its own merits and purpose; it’s why sage was usually mixed with other plants for different purposes. 

Native Americans and other indigenous people have burned sage for centuries as a spiritual ritual to cleanse a person or space. It was also used to promote healing and wisdom. 

The indigenous people strongly believed that the potency of sage varies at different times of the year. Thus when sage is used for ceremonial use, extra care is taken to ensure that the best produce is used. Interestingly, though many indigenous cultures use sage for smudging, its intent, and purpose differ. 

Aside from purification, the ancient Egyptians and Romans burned sage to treat illnesses like digestive issues, memory problems, and sore throats. 

What is smudging?

Smudging is any ritual involving burning sacred herbs like sage, cedar, sweetgrass, etc. It is a ceremony for purifying the soul of negative thoughts, either of a person or a place. Smudging involves four elements; fire (burning of sacred herbs), water (the shell used as a container), earth (the sacred herbs), and air (the smoke from the lit herbs). 

Why do people burn sage or practice smudging?

There are different reasons why people burn sage, but the most common motive is purification. Due to poor air quality linked to various health conditions, cleansing with sage and palo santo is a cost-effective way to purify the air. Some doctors and researchers say that sage has antimicrobial properties and thus is used as an alternative medicine for people with respiratory conditions. 

Others burn sage to help with stress and anxiety and as a spiritual tool. Smudging is a way to connect to the spiritual realm that dates back to Native American practices. Many studies and research have found that compounds in sage help activate specific receptors in the brain that help elevate mood and reduce stress

Burning sage is also a good form of aromatherapy. Aside from sage, smudging also incorporates lavender, rosemary, cedar, rose, and thyme; herbs emit pleasant scents that help with meditation

What Does the Bible Say about Smudging or Burning Sage?

Sage in the Bible

Why Burning Sage is Considered an Occult or Witchcraft Ritual

This connotation may have derived from one particular purpose of burning sage: to cast out negative energy and evil spirits. Native American shamans used smudging to rid the atmosphere of unwanted spirits and energy and promote healing

This practice has been carried to the present by the New Age Movement. The New Age Movement’s beliefs are centered on energies drawn from the earth. New Age Movement followers use smudging to purge unwanted “auras” from their homes or themselves. They believe the smoke attracts good energy to replace the negative ones cast away. Smudging is also used to bless one’s eyes or ears to be opened and attuned to the spirit world.

Bible Verses about Burning Sage

What is sage meaning in the Bible? Is sage used in Christianity? What religion uses sage? Is sageing in the Bible? Is saging a sin? These are just some of the common questions about sage and Christianity.

There is no specific definition of sage in the Bible or a specific incense-burning Bible verse. However, the Bible mentions that God instructed Moses to prepare a blend of spices and herbs to burn as a holy incense offering to the Lord.

Exodus 30:7-9

“And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations. Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.” (Burning sage in the Bible, KJV)

Exodus 30:34-38

“Then the Lord said to Moses, “Take fragrant spices—gum resin, onycha, and galbanum—and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts, and make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred. Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the ark of the covenant law in the tent of meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you. Do not make any incense with this formula for yourselves; consider it holy to the Lord. Whoever makes incense like it to enjoy its fragrance must be cut off from their people.”

Psalm 141:1-2

“I call to you, Lord, come quickly to me; hear me when I call to you. May my prayer be set before you like incense; may the lifting up of my hands be like the evening sacrifice.

Leviticus 16:12-13

He is to take a censer full of burning coals from the altar before the Lord and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain. He is to put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the tablets of the covenant law so that he will not die.

Burning incense in the golden censer on the golden altar that isn’t for the worship of God in the Tabernacle is forbidden (Jeremiah 18:15). Yet God’s people have forgotten and begun to intermingle pagan deities and idols with worshipping God. 

“Yet my people have forgotten me; they burn incense on worthless idols, which made them stumble in their ways, in the ancient paths. They made them walk in byways, on roads not built up.”

Today, the use of incense remains in Eastern Orthodox churches, Roman Catholic, and some Lutheran churches

Biblical Practices with Herbs

The most widely known mention of herbs in the Bible is from Matthew 2:11 when the wise men presented their gifts to baby Jesus—frankincense and myrrh for incense, which is burned for worship before God. Myrrh is also an ingredient in the anointing oil found in the Temple. The Bible says that using herbs in worshipping God is allowed; herbs were used in the Temple

Should Christians Burn Sage?

Is sage Christian? Did Jesus use sage during His time here on Earth? If it is for the enjoyment of the scent, then there is nothing wrong with burning sage. However, the Bible has numerous verses that tell us to avoid engaging with other mediums and seeking spirits for spiritual reasons. 

Leviticus 19:31 clearly says to seek God, and only God, not other mediums such as burning sage. The only way to draw closer to God and enter His presence is through Christ Jesus. And if we do perform pagan rituals, we disobey God’s command to stay away from them (Deuteronomy 10:9-13). 

We do not need to please “spirits” for good energy because it will be futile. God calls us to obey His commandments, love Him, and serve Him with all of our beings. Once we focus on Jesus Christ, everything we need is already taken care of.

Acts 1:8 and 2 Thessalonians 3:3 also tell us that God has blessed us with power through the Holy Spirit. There is no use in burning sage if we can already cast away evil spirits through Christ Jesus

Through our faith and prayers, God heals us from sickness and forgives us of our shortcomings (James 5:15). For our anxiety, stress, and worries, the Prince of Peace will be our comfort and shelter (Psalms 46:1). 

Burning sage as a Christian will not replace God’s power and sovereignty over darkness and evil. Our God is greater and more powerful than any force against us here on Earth. (See also Burning Sage in the Bible KJV)

Sage in the Bible


The herb sage isn’t dangerous or harmful; it is in the intention. Burning sage and herbs was mentioned in the Bible, but the purpose of those times was to worship God and no one else. Though we have the freedom to do whatever we please, it doesn’t mean that we should. 

Burning sage may seem harmful, but we still need to be cautious. As Christians, we gain no benefit from burning sage or smudging. God is our healer and our comfort and strength. He always listens and provides for us even before we ask Him. 

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Alex Shute
Alex Shute, MBA
Alex is a family man and entrepreneur based in Los Angeles. His passion is to serve the global Church and bring people of diverse backgrounds together to learn & grow.

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